雅思考試語法:關于定語從句的使用錯誤常見示例

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所屬分類:劍橋雅思語法

定語從句一般是修飾一個名詞(稱為先行詞)。在這里,西安雅思學習輔導小站對定語從句的使用錯誤常見示例進行了整理,請大家仔細閱讀。

雅思考試語法:關于定語從句的使用錯誤常見示例

1.初學者在選擇關系代詞或者關系副詞的時候,需要參照上面的表格。

例:Unlike the Government,which advocates increasing the amount of money spent on public housing,the private sector considers it inconsistent with the market principles.

〖分析〗錯誤,政府在這里具備人的性質,應該用who,而不是用which。

Unlike the Government,who advocates increasing the amount of money spent onpublic housing,the private sector considers it inconsistent with the market principles.

〖分析〗正確。和支持增加公共房屋投資的政府不同,私人機構覺得這和自由市場的規律不符。

2.定語從句缺乏謂語動詞。

例:Those who overweight or indulge in unhealthy diets are candidates for heart attacks.

〖分析〗錯誤,從句的overweight是個形容詞,前面缺一個系動詞。

Those who are overweight or indulge in unhealthy diets are candidates for heart attacks.

〖分析〗正確。那些體重過高或者喜歡不健康飲食的人很有可能會變成心臟病發作者。

3.如果先行詞在從句當中充當主語的定語,那么要用whose,而不是which或者who。

例:Of those fast-growing countries,China,which economy has been growing at 9 per cent per year,is particularly successful.

〖分析〗錯誤,先行詞China作從句主語economy的定語,不能用which。

Of those fast-growing countries,China,whose economy has been growing at 9 percent per year,is particularly successful.

〖分析〗正確。在那些快速發展的國家里,中國,經濟每年增長9%,尤其成功。

4.關系代詞如果是在介詞后面,只能用which或者whom,不能用that。

例:There are plenty of natural resources in China,most of that are unused.

〖分析〗錯誤,of是介詞,后面不能加that。

There are plenty of natural resources in China,most of which are unused.

〖分析〗正確。在中國有很多自然資源,大部分都還沒被使用。

5.定語從句中動詞的數應該和先行詞的人稱保持一致。

例:The elderly,who is normally incapable of looking after themselves,need time and compassion from their family.

〖分析〗錯誤,先行詞是elderly,是復數名詞,類似于people。

The elderly,who are normally incapable of looking after themselves,need time and compassion from their family.

〖分析〗正確。老年人,通常沒有能力照顧自己,需要他們家人的時間和寬容。

6.關系代詞which,that,who,whom后的句子不完整(缺主語或賓語);而關系副詞where,when,why后的句子必定完整。

例:People like shopping on the Boxing Day,when can buy very fashionable commodities at low cost.

〖分析〗錯誤,關系副詞when后句子要完整。

People like shopping on the Boxing Day,when they can buy very fashionable commodities at low cost.

〖分析〗正確。人們喜歡在節禮日購物,那一天他們可以用成本價買非常時尚的商品。

7.限制性定語從句和非限制性定語從句的區別。

例1:These courses are not appropriate for children,who have learning difficulties.

〖分析〗錯誤,如果是非限制性定語從句,意味著世界上的小孩都有學習困難。

These courses are not appropriate for children who have learning difficulties.

〖分析〗正確。這些課程不適合那些有學習困難的小孩。

例2:International aid should target those impoverished countries which cannot afford any disaster relief.

〖分析〗錯誤,如果是限制性定語從句,意味著世界上的貧窮國家有兩種:一種是貧窮國家不能解決自然災害,一種是貧窮國家可以解決。

International aid should target those impoverished countries,which cannot afford any disaster relief.

〖分析〗正確。國際援助可以針對那些貧窮國家,這些國家不能提供災難救援。

8.定語從句不能沒有主句。

例:People who do not consider it necessary to reduce the use of disposable products.

〖分析〗錯誤,這句話是“who”引導的定語從句,缺乏主句。

There are many people who do not consider it necessary to reduce the use of disposable products.

〖分析〗正確。有很多人不覺得有必要去減少使用一次性的產品。


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