雅思語法:雅思考試中關于數量的不一致的常見錯誤示例

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所屬分類:劍橋雅思語法

數的不一致(名詞的單復數問題)

1.有一些詞或者短語后面一般要加可數名詞的復數,如a few,few,a variety of,various,other,numerous,a number of,different,one of,many。

例:Smoking cessation is one of the likely factor that contribute to the development of obesity.

〖分析〗錯誤,one of的后面要加名詞的復數。

Smoking cessation is one of the likely factors that contribute to the development of obesity.

〖分析〗正確。停止抽煙是可能導致肥胖癥的一個作用因素。

2.有一些詞后面一般要加可數名詞的單數,如any other,another,each,neither,either。

例:Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any other reasons.

〖分析〗錯誤,any other后不可以加名詞的復數。

Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any other reason.

〖分析〗正確。很多十幾歲的年輕人出于同伴的壓力而開始抽煙,而不是因為其他任何原因。

3.有一些詞或者短語后面一般要加不可數名詞,如a little,little,much。

例:Little progresses have been made towards tackling poverty.

〖分析〗錯誤,little后不能加可數名詞的復數。

Little progress has been made towards tackling poverty.

〖分析〗正確。在解決貧困問題上,目前的進展甚微。

4.不可數名詞沒有復數。如information,knowledge,evidence,behaviour,news。

例:There are evidences that rules can lead to children’s anti-social behaviour.

〖分析〗錯誤,evidence不可數名詞。

There is evidence that rules can lead to children’s anti-social behaviour.

〖分析〗正確。有證據表明規則會導致小孩的反社會行為。

5.有些可數名詞的復數形式不規則變化,而不是僅僅加s或者es。

例:The datas are a valuable asset to the company.

〖分析〗錯誤,“data”本身已經是復數。

The data are a valuable asset to the company.

〖分析〗正確。數據對公司來說是個寶貴的財產。

6.代詞的數不一致,代詞he,she,it,one,anybody,everybody,somebody,nobody都是單數,而代詞they是復數。

例:Anybody who does not save money for their retirement will have to accept a lower standard of living in later years.

〖分析〗錯誤,“anybody”是單數,而后面的代詞是“their”。

Anybody who does not save money for his/her retirement will have to accept a lowerstandard of living in later years.

〖分析〗正確。任何不能為退休提前存錢的人需要接受晚年比較差的生活標準。


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