雅思作文語法:主謂不一致時的常見錯誤示例!

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所屬分類:劍橋雅思語法

1.動名詞和不定式作主語的時候謂語動詞一定是單數。

例1:Raising standards of literacy are the government’s priority.

〖分析〗錯誤,句子的主語是raising standards,而不是standards。Raising standards of literacy is the government’s priority.

〖分析〗正確。提高文化素質是政府的首要任務。

例2:To rear a child alone are challenging to any parent.

〖分析〗錯誤。

To rear a child alone is challenging to any parent.

〖分析〗正確。獨立撫養一個小孩對于任何父母親都是有挑戰性的。

2.不可數名詞作主語的時候謂語動詞一定是單數;如果主語是“...of...”的詞組,謂語的數需要和“of”之前的名詞保持一致。

例:The adequacy of financial resources are crucial to the operation of a not-for-profit organisation.

〖分析〗錯誤。

The adequacy of financial resources is crucial to the operation of a

not-for-profit organisation.

〖分析〗正確。資金的充足對于非營利機構的運作是至關重要的。

3.當主語后跟著with,together with,coupled with,combined with,as well as,like的時候,謂語動詞跟隨主語變化。

例:Overworking,coupled with poor diet,lead to physical degeneration.

〖分析〗錯誤。

Overworking,coupled with poor diet,leads to physical degeneration.

〖分析〗正確。工作過度,連同不好的飲食,會導致體質下降。

4.有一些代詞后面的謂語動詞一定是單數(anybody,anything,everybody,everything,nobody,nothing,somebody,something,each,none)。

例:Even if somebody fall sick,everything go on as usual.

〖分析〗錯誤,somebody和everything后的動詞都應該用單數。

Even if somebody falls sick,everything goes on as usual.

〖分析〗正確。即便有人病了,一切還是照常進行。

5.“there be”句型中謂語動詞的數隨著其后面的名詞改變。

例:There is a number of countries which perform poorly in containing pollution.

〖分析〗錯誤,主語是“countries”,謂語動詞應該用復數。

There are a number of countries which perform poorly in containing pollution.

〖分析〗正確。有不少國家在控制污染上表現很差。

6.由what,whether,how,that,where 引起的主語從句中,謂語動詞常用單數。

例:How we cope with massive technological change in the 21st century are an interesting issue.

〖分析〗錯誤,how 引導的主語從句后的謂語動詞用單數。

How we cope with massive technological change in the 21st century is an interesting issue.

〖分析〗正確。我們如何處理21世紀的大規模技術變化是一個有趣的事情。


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