雅思图表作文范例精细分析

  • A+

题目

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.

两句话,两个图。

第?#27426;?/p>

The chart shows that high income earners consumed considerably more fast foods than the other income groups, spending more than twice as much on hamburgers(43 pence per person per week)than on fish and chips or pizza(both under 20 pence).

说明了高收入人群的两个特点,第一是消?#30446;?#39184;最多,第二是人均消费hamburger, fish and chips, pizza的特点。

Spending more than twice as much on hamburgers than on fish and chip and chips or pizza.

这是一句令人费解的句子,含义应为“消耗的汉堡是薯片或匹萨的两倍多”,应用的句型应当为典型的表示倍数关系的句型“n times as … as”,比如

This airplane flies two times as fast as that one. 这家飞机的飞行速度是那架的两倍。

He has five times as many books as you. 他拥有的书是你的五倍。

所以,这句话应当为spending more than twice as much on hamburger as on fish and chips or pizza,其中more than修饰twice,表示比较句型为twice as much … as。

表示倍数比较的句型中还有一个重要的n times more than,也表示“是几倍”,而非多几倍,比如

The population of China is 22 times larger than that of Britain. 中国的人口是英国的22倍。

fish and chips表示的一组东西“?#22270;?#40060;加炸土豆片”,表示的是个不可数的概念。

Average income earners also favored hamburgers, spending 33 pence per person per week, ollowed by fish and chips at 24 pence, then pizza at 11 pence.

说明了中收入人群的三类食品?#21335;?#32791;情况。

这句是典型的表示顺序关系的表达,hamburgers, followed by fish and chips, then pizza, 表达句型为A, followed by B, then C,这种表达在饼图中应用尤为广泛。

Low income earners appear to spend less than other income groups on fast foods, though fish nd chips remains their most popular fast food, followed by hamburgers and then pizza.

说明?#35828;?#25910;入人群的两个特征,第一是该人群消耗?#30446;?#39184;数量最少,通过though这个从句说明了第二个特征,那就是该人群消耗三类食品的情形。

结合上句,来看看如何表达“最喜欢”,Average income earners favored hamburgers;Fish and chips remains their most popular fast food.

第二段

From the graph we can see that in 1970, fish and chips were twice as popular as burgers, pizza being at that time the least popular fast food.

说明三类食品的起点(1970)情况,

N times as … as句型说明了fish and chips和burgers的关系。

pizza being the least popular fast food at that time为“独立主格结构”。

The consumption of hamburgers and pizza has risen steadily over the 20 year period to 1990 while the consumption of fish and chips has been in decline over that same period with a slight increase in popularity since 1985.

用一个表示对照的连词while说明上升趋势的hamburgers和下?#30331;?#21183;的fish and chips。注意上升和下降的表达。

上升 has risen steadily。

下降 has been in decline。

表示段时间 over the 20 year period to 1990, over the same period。

with a slight increase in popularity用with从句补充说明大趋势下的小变化。

词汇句型积累

重点和?#35757;?#26159;表示倍数关系的比较句型:

N times as+ 形容词或副?#35797;?#32423; … as。

N times+ 形容词或副词的比较级 … than。

这两者均表示“是几倍”,并非“多出几倍”,特别注意,很多参考书都写错了。

表示三种的顺序关系A, followed by B, then C,这个表达在饼图中很常用。

表示变化趋势:

表示上升 rise, be in increase。

表示下降 be in decline, drop。

发表评论

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: